What is Tardive Dyskinesia?

TD is a persistent, involuntary movement disorder that is characterized by uncontrollable, abnormal and repetitive movements of the face, torso, limbs and fingers or toes.1-4 The condition is associated with prolonged use of antipsychotic medication that may be necessary to treat individuals living with mental illness, such as bipolar disorder, depression, schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder.3,5,*

There are approximately 600,000 people in the United States living with TD, and approximately 65 percent have not yet been diagnosed.2,8,9

By including this informational page on our website, we are working to raise awareness regarding:

  • The signs and symptoms associated with TD
  • The potential physical, social and emotional consequences of TD10
  • The importance of speaking with a healthcare provider about the impact of the uncontrollable movements and available treatment options

The uncontrollable movements of TD can negatively impact people physically, socially and emotionally.10 It can affect one’s ability to work, drive, walk, button a shirt or eat and drink.8 People living with TD may also feel judged and ashamed, adding to a sense of worry, isolation and stigma.1,10,13-15

To learn more about TD:

For references, please see https://namimainlinepa.org/references-for-td-article/.

Page last updated in May 2024.